Symptoms of VSD tend to develop in the first few days, weeks or months of a baby's life. They may include a lack of appetite, poor eating, breathlessness or fast breathing, lethargy and tiring easily.
In children and adults, the same symptoms may apply, including breathlessness following exertion, heart murmurs and not gaining weight (as a growing child).
If a heart murmur is detected and VSD is suspected, then an echocardiogram will be used to image the heart. A CTCA and/or MRI scan may also be used.
Many babies born with VSD will not require corrective surgery to close the hole, and medication may be used to manage the symptoms until the hole closes on its own. In both babies and adults surgical repair may be necessary.
This minimally invasive procedure is used to visualise the coronary arteries and assess the severity of any blockage. [READ MORE]
This scan is used to ascertain the risk of a heart attack or stroke within the next 5-10 years. [READ MORE]
An ‘echo’ is an ultrasound scan of the heart to assess structure and function. [READ MORE]
These scans enable cardiologists to view detailed images of the heart’s anatomy. [READ MORE]