Pulmonary Valve Disease

What is pulmonary valve disease?

The pulmonary valve controls blood flow from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery to allow deoxygenated blood to be oxygenated by the lungs. It can become narrowed (stenosis) or start to leak (regurgitation). The condition reduces the amount of blood which can leave the heart to be oxygenated. Pulmonary Valve Disease is often congenital (there from birth).


What are the symptoms of pulmonary valve disease?

The symptoms associated with pulmonary valve disease may include; fatigue, increased shortness of breath on effort, chest pain and loss of consciousness.



What assessment do I need if I have pulmonary valve disease?

Pulmonary Valve Disease is often picked up in childhood but can remain undetected until later life. It may be picked up in routine examination through heart sounds by your doctor but will require formal diagnosis by echocardiogram to assess function, structure and severity of narrowing. CT and MRI may also be requested to assist with the diagnosis.


What are the treatments for pulmonary valve disease?

Treatment depends on the severity of the problem and will include medication to control the underlying cause or pulmonary valve repair or replacement. In mild cases, no treatment may be necessary, however regular checks will be required to monitor any change.

  • CTCA Scan & Calcium Score

    This scan is used to ascertain the risk of a heart attack or stroke within the next 5-10 years. [READ MORE]

  • Echocardiogram (TTE)

    An ‘echo’ is an ultrasound scan of the heart to assess structure and function. [READ MORE]

  • MRI Scan / CMR Scan

    These scans enable cardiologists to view detailed images of the heart’s anatomy. [READ MORE]

  • Transoesophageal Echocardiogram (TOE)

    Sometimes an ‘echo’ scan of the heart requires an ultrasound probe to be passed down the food pipe to provide a clearer image. [READ MORE]



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